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Effect of Removal of Subsidy on Nigerian Economy – Akingboye Ayodele Joseph Team

Last updated on October 19, 2019


Akingboye Ayodele Joseph
Akingboye Ayodele Joseph

In Nigeria, issues of subsidies removal and fuel scarcity had been a source of panic to most Nigerians as removal of subsidies will lead to higher cost of production, hence increase in cost of living.

In time past, Nigerian ex-president, Gudluck Ebele Jonathan made attempt to remove fuel subsidies but Nigerians saw what could come after it and kicked against it, yet he was able to re-invest the some of the funds generated from partial removal of fuel subsidies into some other sectors through a programme called SURE-P. Partial or total removal of subsidies shouldn’t be a problem to a well functioning economy if not that Nigerian economy has not grown to such stage.

In time past, Nigerian government had been so much interested in the welfare of Nigerians which had being the major reason for the government to have embarked on subsidizing products and services. Nigerian government had been generous and in the process interfere into too many things.

The cost of subsidizing products such as petrol is enough to drive some other sectors in the economy towards full development. Despite the benefit attached to removal of subsidies, Nigerian economy has not matured to the level where petroleum products’ subsidies can be completely removed.

Moreover, in terms of provision or consumption of energy, Nigeria depend on petroleum products as main source of energy therefore, removal of subsidies on such products will lead to increase in price of such products and hence decrease in energy consumption.

Higher energy consumption is needed to drive Nigerian economy to maturity. Unstable energy consumption patterns and other factors have resulted in the volatility and instability of the Nigerian economy as prices of oil affect prices other products and services in the country.

Whenever there is an increase in the price of petrol, the prices of other products and services increase because petrol is the leading source of energy in the productive sector.

For now, total removal of subsidies on petrol cannot work out effectively because the negative effect is more than the positive effect, as the removal of subsidies will lead to increase in general price level, making life of Nigerians to worsen off.

If price of petrol increases as a result removal of fuel subsidy, government will be relieved of the burden of spending funds that ought to be used to develop other sectors,its like mining gold from below the earth surface to fill up another pit, although, the taking care of welfare of Nigerians and reduction in cost production are the benefits attached to subsidy. Government need to develop the power sector and transport sector before completely removing fuel subsidy.

Government, should invest more in the power sector as this will reduce the dependence of most participants in productive sector on use of fuel for their productive activities so that when subsidy is removed,it will only have effect on the transport sector. If the power sector is fully developed, cost of production will be reduced and more investors will move into the country and Likewise, the number of indigenous investors will increase, hence an increase in national output.

The trade-off between electricity and fuel as sources of energy will determine how fast Nigerian economy will grow, develop or be stabilized. Reduction in sectoral dependence on petroleum products as source of energy will make more oil to be available for export and less to satisfy domestic consumption.

Nigerian government should also invest in the transport sector and also create opportunities and enabling environment in the sector before embarking on removal of fuel subsidies. Government should invest in the railway,road,air and water transports.

Government should invite more private investors into the sector as government alone cannot provide everything to make the sector function well. At aggregate level,reduction in price attached to transport reduces cost of production. As more buoyant participants enter the transport sector, there will be competition, hence reduction in cost of transport.

Government should ensure that most roads are in good shape so that there will be easy movement of vehicles. The railway line should cut across most states because it is cheaper and safer to travel or move goods by rail,therefore government should invest so much in the sector to boost the Nigerian economy. If this can be done, the effect of subsidies removal on the transport sector will not be too obvious.

Lastly, the need to finance the increment in the minimum wage, the burden resulting from fuel subsidy and also the need to develop other sectors might be the reasons government might be considering the removal of fuel subsidy but that doesn’t mean government should remove subsidy from oil now as Nigerian economy is built around oil as a source of revenue and source of energy for the productive sectors.

Removal of subsidy now will lead to reduction in national output, reduction in purchasing power of Naira, reduction in standard of living, collapse of small businesses, increase in crime and unemployment and also hardship resulting increase in general price level, therefore government should generate revenue through mining, sales of natural gas and exploration of other natural resources and also through taxing and development of a proper remittance mechanism.

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  1. Agbolade Abdullah

    It is we Nigerian that’s is behind our problems removing subsidy on fuel I don’t think this suppose to have any effect because we are the one shouting subsidy is too high

  2. The Nigeria doesn’t need to remove a subsidy on our petroleum product in a time like this when most people especially Masses were suffering and dying of hunger.We need not anything pertain to removal of petroleum subsidy.



  4. Anonymous Anonymous

    Is the removal of fuel subsidy Nigeria problem, people are dieing of hunger and properties are being distroyed they are here talking about how to remove fuel subsidy, what a disgusting government!!!

  5. Federal government should please fuel subsidy o, and renovate our road especially the road along illorin to kogi is really bad.

  6. Removal of fuel subsidies, please it’s a crucial issue that the government should tackle with caution so as not to provoke it’s citizens, a new mining site has been located in Bauchi, this is a good sign.

  7. Removal of the fuel subsidy is not Nigeria problem Mr President, don’t use it as an excuse for your poor performance,I could remembered vividly when Good Luck Jonathan talk about this you kicked against it and why you now Oga Buhari?

  8. May Jesukolade Jeremiah

    The removal of the Nigeria subsidy should be a special directive from the federal government and other institution

  9. This issue of subsidy is always a big issue asuch so many use that means to their own advantage while the masses will suffer a great deal.

    • Removal of subsidy is not the solution to this issues on ground we need to start producing this things ourselves

  10. Musa Abiodun

    Comment:The issue of fuel subsidy in this country is no longer a new thing to me..we have a lot of oil in this country so I don’t know why we are having problem.what we really need in this country right now is good governance from the people in power.

  11. Josephat Uchechukwu

    This government had never had masses at heart. Since the inception of this regime is from one hardship to another. This regime is not planning for her citizens, if not this plan of subsidy removal should not have emanated.


    This very serious matter which every meaningful Nigeria need sit tight and pondering very very very well on it.oni lari kosi ni omo ola

  13. Subsidies removal and fuel scarcity had been a source of panic to most Nigerians as removal of subsidies will lead to higher cost of goods and services including production.
    Government should invite more private investors into the sector as government alone cannot provide everything alone and this will help boost the country and economy.

  14. We all know all these. All that is required of them is to do the needful and help reduce the cost of living of the citizen. We don’t need to make things worse than they are..

  15. Adesida Adeyemi

    More than 10 years now the federal government have been battling with this removal of fuel subsidy which has not have certain success

  16. This subsidy is not really our problem in this country, our problem in this country is money, the Nigerian people needs money, so many people are dying everyday

  17. Favour

    Don’t want the same thing for a very near her in time pass it was as long story about that development manager

  18. Franca Emeruom

    They don’t care how much hardship this will bring on the masses. I don’t blame them they have already positioned their families. Whatever happens is never their concern.

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