Reuters: NNPC Contemplates New $2bn Crude Oil Backed Loan Amid Rising Debts

NNPC Blames Logistics Challenges and Flooding for Petrol Queues, Promises Restoration of Supply

The Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited (NNPC) is contemplating sealing another crude oil-for-cash loan to enable it raise at least $2 billion, with between 30,000 to 35,000 barrels per day repayment option.

Two unidentified people familiar with the situation told Reuters.

NNPC Group Chief Executive Officer, Mele Kyari confirmed the company’s plan to take the loan against the 30,000 to 35,000bpd of crude production, but declined to disclose how much money it sought, the report said.

The national oil company is embarking on the loan to boost its finances and allow investment in its business to boost oil production, Kyari told Reuters, as pressure mounts on the state-backed oil company which the economy depends upon.

NNPC in which the government is the main stakeholder, aims to raise at least $2 billion, two sources familiar with the situation said.

Its debts to gasoline suppliers have doubled in the last four months to hit $6 billion.

The federal government finances rely on the oil NNPC exports and oil provides the bulk of crucial foreign exchange reserves.

But pipeline theft, and years of underinvestment, have sapped oil production in recent years, and the cost of gasoline subsidies has further depleted cash reserves.

President Bola Tinubu has been struggling to push through reforms in Africa’s biggest oil exporter – including eliminating fuel subsidies and allowing the naira currency to trade close to market levels – without pushing the country’s population to a cost-of-living breaking point.

Kyari said the cash raised would be used for all of the NNPC’s business activities, including supporting production growth.

“We have no problem covering our gasoline payments. This is just money for normal business and not a desperate act,” Kyari said.

“It will be a syndication with critical but regular partners who have been in business with our company to forward the cash,” he said, adding he expected to conclude the deal in the next two months.

NNPC already has a $3.3 billion oil-backed loan through Afreximbank, but five sources said the company’s lack of cash had been aggravated by rising fuel subsidy costs, and that the new loan would help it to pay them.

It was unclear which lender would arrange the loan, as three sources said Afreximbank would be unable to extend its exposure to Nigeria that far.

All five sources who spoke to Reuters asked not to be named because they were not authorised to speak on the issue.

Some oil trading houses have already stopped participating in NNPC’s tenders for gasoline because the overdue bills have pushed their exposure to Nigeria above the levels their companies allow.

Tinubu announced the removal of costly fuel subsidies shortly after he took office last year, allowing pump prices to triple. Subsidies – which critics say are an inefficient tool that benefits mainly elite, city-dwelling car-owners – have been a drain on Nigeria’s finances for years.

But given the pain of double-digit inflation, NNPC capped average fuel prices at just above 600 naira per litre a year ago – a price that has become further from market levels since the naira fell and global oil prices rose.

Fuel queues began forming last week in Lagos as Abuja petrol marketers stopped selling. Sources said the ex-depot price in Lagos is above 700 naira per litre, meaning stations would lose money if they sold at the capped prices.

The 650,000 barrel per day Dangote Refinery on the outskirts of Lagos expects to begin producing gasoline in the coming weeks. But that refinery has loans – and crude oil feedstock costs – in U.S. dollars, and would be reluctant to sell at a loss inside Nigeria – or wait months for payments from the NNPC.

The sources said the pressure has mounted on the government to increase pump prices – but leaders, mindful of deadly riots in Kenya that forced the government to backtrack on plans to increase taxes, are expected to be cautious about doing so.

Emmanuel Addeh  and Peter Uzoho

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